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The leaves of 40-day old plants of black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) were sprayed with 10–7, 10–6, 10–5M4-Cl-IAA, and 10–6, 10–5 and 10–4Mkinetin. Both the hormones improved vegetative growth, photosynthetic efficiency and seed yield of the test plants as compared to deionized water (control). However, 10–6 M 4-Cl-IAA was most prominent in its effect, generating 42, 30, 40, 41 and 51% higher values for carbonic anhydrase, nitrate reductase, net photosynthetic rate, leaf protein content and dry mass respectively, as compared to the control in 70-day old plants. Similarly, capsule number and seed yield per plant were elevated by 41 and 43% over the untreated control at harvest (130 days after sowing) following the same treatment. Overall, the auxin showed a higher efficiency than kinetin in all treatment concentrations.


4-Chloroindole-3-acetic acid photosynthesis nitrate reductase carbonic anhydrase protein kinetin yield Nigella sativa.

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How to Cite
Shah, S. H. (2011). Comparative effects of 4-Cl-IAA and kinetin on photosynthesis, nitrogen metabolism and yield of black cumin (Nigella sativa L.). Acta Botanica Croatica, 70(1). Retrieved from

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