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Anthropogeneous vegetation was correlated to disturbance type. The large relevé dataset (2404 relevés) was divided according to different locations (arable land, semi-natural land, settlement) used as surrogates for disturbance types differing in areal extent, regularity, predictability and frequency. Using multivariate methods we detected main gradients in species composition and correlated them to plant traits. Plants in arable land are mainly annuals, therophytes and alien species. Species comprising ruderal habitats are richer in perennials and C strategists. The latter habitats were further divided into semi-natural sites and settlements. Phanerophytes and C strategists are more common in semi-natural vegetation and R strategists and archeophytes in settlements. Differences in village and town vegetation are observed in alien species that are more frequent in towns and on sites that are warmer and lighter.



Vegetation ruderal segetal disturbance Slovenia

Article Details

Author Biography

Urban Å ilc, Institute of Biology, Scientific research centre of the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts

Institute of Biology


Novi trg 2

1000 Ljubljana

How to Cite
Å ilc, U. (2010). Synanthropic vegetation: pattern of various disturbances on life history traits. Acta Botanica Croatica, 69(2). Retrieved from